If you have Type 2 Diabetes there is a drug on the market called Metformin that can help control your problem and also avoid some of the problems that can occur when using other medications.
Metformin, classified as a biguanide medication, works 2 ways; first, it decreases the amount of sugar made by the liver and then it also decreases the amount of sugar that can be absorbed into the body. It also has been shown to make the bodies insulin receptors more sensitive and thus help the body to better respond to the insulin it makes on its own. Because the drug does not actually increase insulin but instead decreases sugar production there is less likelihood of the patient going into hypoglycemia, which is a dangerously low blood sugar level.
Metformin is available in tablet form, oral liquid and 2 long-acting tablet forms. As with all drugs Metformin can cause side effects ranging from diarrhea to headaches and nausea, but studies have shown that these side effects are few and far between and that Metformin is one of the safer Diabetes medications on the market today.
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When considering the dosage there are a number of factors that must be kept in mind;
- If you take the tablet form you will take it 1 to 3 times daily, depending on your Doctors recommendations. If you take the long acting form it should be taken once a day with dinner.
- Metformin should be taken on a full stomach to prevent an upset stomach.
- The long-acting pill should be taken whole and never crushed or broken.
- Taking the drug at approximately the same time every day will maintain an even level in your blood system all day long.
- If you take Metformin sporadically it will not work properly.
Age and dosage recommendations are as follows;
- Ages 10 – 16 / A maximum of 2000 mg total per day taken in 2 or 3 doses.
- Age 17 and over / A maximum of 2550 mg total per day taken in 2 or 3 doses.
- If you are taking the long-acting form the maximum dosage is 2000 mg once daily at the same time each day.
- People who already take insulin may also take Metformin up to the maximum dosage of 2000 mg per day and 2500 mg per day of the long-acting form, continuing with their normal dosage of insulin.